Collagen from tilapia skins for cosmetics and health purposes
02 December 2011
To own a good facial skin and an attractive body shape has become a normfor every human especially the women. This is because beauty will provide more confidence to a person particularly if one has a career.
Those who have courage, money and want speedy results, will try out more modern methods through operation, injection and so on. However for those who believed that immediate beauty is very risky and wish to try a safer way will adopt the intake of health food or drinks.
Nowadays, health products that contain collagen are very popular for facial skin beauty and to obtain an attractive body shape. Collagen is a type of protein to maintain adolescence and skin elasticity.
However are you aware that most of the collagens in the market now are produced from pig or different animal with doubtful halal status.
From an initiative in producing collagen products which are really convincing of being halal, a group of researchers from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) conducted a research to produce the material.
The research which took 12 years to complete is fruitful as Malaysia will soon have the first halal collagen extractor factory from tilapia fish skins in the region. The product will be commercialised through the cooperation between UPM and Bionic Lifesciences Sdn. Bhd. company
Director of the research project, Prof. Dr. JamilahBakar said that her team conducted studies to develop themselves the aquaticcollagen extraction technology from tilapia fish skin.
“The present community starts to be aware of the advantages of collagen in the function of maintaining skin beauty, accelerating wound healing and helping to restore muscle elasticity and joint problem.
“Various product networks based on collagen are sold in the market, however it is understood that no collagen source is produced domestically which caused the collagen to be imported from China and South Korea in which the halal status is in doubt.
“We are the first in the region that produces aquatic collagen in which the halal status is with no doubt convincing,” he said when met after the memorandum of understanding signing ceremony (MoU) between UPM and Bionic Lifesciences to market the collagen commercially.
The MoU was signed by the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research and Innovation), UPM, Prof. Ir. Dr. Mohd. SalehJaafar while Bionic Lifesciences is represented by the company’s director, Ir. Mohd. SallehYahya.
Prof. Dr. Jamilah said that in order to produce collagen from tilapia fish skins, a few stages are required such as cleaning fish skins, extraction in producing collagen, collagen cleaning and collagen powder production.
He said that in the first stage, fish skins that are selected will be cleaned first to lose the dirt and slime that stick to the skins. Cleaning process that is carried out by using a few chemical substances that are harmless, however it depends on the types of fish skins that are to be cleaned.
“During the extraction process, it also uses a fewcombinations of chemical substances depending on the fish skins and collagen that is to be produced. Some fish skins will produce high grade of collagens while there are some which produce collagen with medium and lower grades.
“Cost to extract also differs because different chemical substances are used depending on the type of fish skin,” he said.
During the process of cleaning the collagen materials, according to Prof. Dr. Jamilah, the process is also conducted in a few stages which aim to increase the percentage of collagen content. The cleaning process thus will be carried out depending on the product that is to be produced whether it is for food product or pharmaceutical purpose.
Collagen for pharmaceutical materials is simple and usually requires three to four processes as compared to food product.
The final stage is drying for commercialisation purpose. The drying process is divided into two namely drying and freezing. According to Prof. Jamilah, most of the collagens that are to be commercialised, are carried out with the drying way to generate collagen powder. After the drying process, the collagen will be packed and categorised according to the product that one wishes to produce.
Prof. Dr. Jamilah said that products from collagen that are produced from the tilapia fish skin can be used for various purposes whether in the form of drinks, food or personal health products such as beverage product of the walet birds.
She hopes that the results of the findings will give a novice perspective to the consumers on the use of halal collagen in all cosmetics products or supplementary food besides supporting the country''''s halal industry.